Nutter lawyers Elizabeth Norman and Crescent Moran Chasteen recently contributed an article to Tax Notes that reviewed the legal requirements, common practices, and resulting tax consequences of, or relating to, profits interests. In the article, “When Reality Collides With Legality: Profits Interests in Practice,” Elizabeth and Crescent discussed best practices that companies should consider when granting profits interests prospectively. Please contact the authors for more information if you’d like to learn more about this topic.
IRS 2017 Plan Limits
On October 27, 2016, the IRS announced various limits and thresholds applicable to employee benefit plans for 2017. Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code requires these limits to be adjusted annually due to cost-of-living increases. The majority of these limits remain unchanged from the 2016 limits, but there were increases in some instances. Earlier this year, the IRS also announced the 2017 inflation-adjusted limits for health savings accounts (“HSAs”), including the maximum annual HSA contribution, the minimum annual deductible for a high-deductible health plan (“HDHP”), and the maximum annual out-of-pocket expense for an HDHP.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) recently announced that it paid a whistleblower award of more than $22 million, when a whistleblower’s detailed tip and extensive assistance helped the SEC halt a well-hidden fraud at the company where the whistleblower worked. With that award, the SEC has now paid out more than $100 million to whistleblowers who have helped the agency investigate and prosecute securities fraud. This large award followed recently issued settlements with two publicly held companies for violating a Rule that prohibits companies (and others) from interfering with potential whistleblowers’ communications with the SEC staff, Rule 21F-17 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). In each case, the company involved paid substantial civil penalties. These recent activities highlight the value that the SEC places on its whistleblower program and serve as a wakeup call to publicly held companies to ensure that internal practices, policies and agreements do not contravene the requirements of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”).
Ensuring that your employee benefits plans comply with the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”) just became more important. That is because the cost of noncompliance just increased (and in some instances, the increases are significant). On June 30, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor (the “DOL”) issued an interim final rule increasing the penalties for certain violations of ERISA. The interim final rule is effective for penalties assessed after August 1, 2016 if the corresponding violation occurred after November 2, 2015.
On July 25, 2016, the IRS issued final regulations under Section 83 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) simplifying the process by which taxpayers may make elections under Code Section 83(b) by eliminating one of the filing requirements. These final regulations adopt without change proposed regulations that were issued in July 2015.
On June 21, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service issued long-awaited guidance on deferred compensation arrangements under Sections 409A and 457 of the Internal Revenue Code. The proposed regulations under Section 409A clarify and/or modify certain provisions of the final regulations issued under that Section in 2007, and also withdraw a specific provision of earlier proposed regulations under Section 409A issued in 2008 that addressed the calculation of amounts includible in income under Section 409A(a)(1), replacing it with revised proposed regulations. The proposed regulations under Code Section 457 prescribe rules for the taxation of deferred compensation arrangements established and maintained by state or local governments or other tax exempt organizations. In each case, the proposed regulations would affect participants, beneficiaries, plan sponsors, and administrators.
Stay tuned for our in-depth analysis on these proposed regulations.
On December 1, 2016, the most significant changes to federal overtime law in more than a decade will go into effect. The federal Department of Labor instituted these changes by amending the Fair Labor Standards Act regulations. The primary change is that the minimum amount employers will be required to pay exempt salaried employees will increase substantially. Employers will be required to pay exempt workers at least $913 per week ($47,476 per year), up from the current requirement of $455 per week ($23,600 per year).
In light of the new final and temporary regulations issued by the IRS and the U.S. Department of Treasury (Reg. 301.7701-2T), partnerships that have been using wholly-owned disregarded entities to “employ” partners (in order to provide access to various tax benefits, including cafeteria plans, parking and transit benefits, and other employee benefit plans) will need to reevaluate their structure and treatment of partner/employee classification. In the new rules, which were published on May 4th, 2016, the IRS moved to halt this practice, providing that where partners of a partnership are separately working for a second (disregarded) subsidiary legal entity, such individuals may not be treated as employees of the subsidiary. Instead, they are considered self-employed individuals for both self-employment and employment benefit plan purposes.
In this blog, Nutter's Executive Compensation and Employee Benefits attorneys will provide updates on key developments and offer practical tips and best practices relating to executive compensation, employee benefits, and corporate governance matters.